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Part 130/130a: Eccentrics
|130||Eccentric, Triple Throw||1921||-||2||2||2||N°10||'Triple Throw Eccentric' until 1929|
|130a||Eccentric, Single Throw||1928||-||0||1||2||N°10||Part 170 until 1945|
The eccentric is one of the few parts we can date accurately using the Meccano Magazine. It was suggested twice in quick succession, first dismissed in January 1921 ("There are several ways of making an eccentric with existing parts"), and again in the March 1921 issue, when it received the slightly warmer comment "This part would be very limited in its application but... we shall take the eccentric into consideration". Lo and behold, by the July issue of the same year the part was announced!
There must have been something of a turnaround, because by April 1924, "Spanner" claimed that "No. 130... is one of the most useful of all Meccano parts"!
Many Meccanomen are intrigued by the workings of this mysterious part, which is certainly odd at first glance. The mechanism becomes clear when we dismantle one by removing the bosses, as below. An inner (unpainted) section is tightly clamped between the two outer faces by the three fixed bosses. The only moving part consists of a short strip attached to a circle, trapped between the outer faces; this part is slightly thinner than the fixed inner section, allowing it to rotate freely.
The things I do to make these web pages!
The red parts in this photograph are similar in thickness to a standard strip (around 0.83mm or 0.033''), but the central disc is 1.22mm or 0.048''. It also appears to be made of a much harder and surprisingly shiny steel, quite unlike other Meccano parts, at least in this 1950s example. Note that the holes in the two outer faces are not perfectly circular – they have two fractionally wider sections each to help prevent the bosses from rotating.
The Triple Throw Eccentric was joined by the "Eccentric, ½'' throw" in 1928 (part 170), and soon after that it was renamed to "Eccentric, Triple Throw". In 1945, the new part 170 was renumbered to 130a, to be next to its bigger brother.
Eccentrics were initially only available nickel plated, of course, but they continued in this finish until 1929. Many small parts, including sprocket wheels and eccentrics, didn't join the ranks of coloured Meccano until 1930. They made up for it by becoming one of the few Meccano parts to appear in a combination of red and green! Other parts sharing this honour (for example, 3" pulleys and spoked wheels) didn't last long, but dark red / green eccentrics are not uncommon. Triple eccentrics in particular appeared in pairs from outfit 4 (later G) upwards, although only one single eccentric was supplied in the outfits 7 and L from 1930. In nickel and dark red / green, then, the triple eccentric is a pretty common part and the single eccentric a rare one.
In 1937, with the advent of outfit 10, a pair of each were supplied. In medium red and later colours, therefore, they are fairly common parts, and their limited use means that there are generally more of them than are needed!
The stamping changes between the nickel plated and the coloured versions of the Triple Eccentric. The word Throw on nickel eccentrics changes to Stroke with the advent of the dark red / green variety. From pictures received to date, and messages on this page, we have I think established that the changeover happened soon after the change to red/green eccentrics in early 1930. A very small number of red/green eccentrics are found stamped Throw, but the vast majority are stamped Stroke. It is possible to find nickel-plated eccentrics with the later Stroke stamping, but these are most likely special-order parts. Remember that it was possible to order a larger outfit with nickel-plated parts between 1930 and 1941, which would have contained specially finished but current parts.
French ones, of course, aren't stamped in inches. The three bosses are stamped 6 millimetres, 12 millimetres, and 18 millimetres, including those supplied in the UK from 1985 to 1992.
I have noticed a slight variation in the peening of the bosses. Nickel ones are relatively shallow (they don't protrude too much from the face of the part), and this is reduced almost to a flush boss during the dark red/green period. Medium red ones vary, but by the end of the medium red/period and all subsequent ones the peening is large and quite proud of the surface. Can we read anything into this? Not sure...
Variations and oddities
It's possible to find the odd eccentric without a stamping. Although the parts of the eccentric are 'handed' (because of the layout of the three holes), the two outer faces are identical except that one is stamped and one isn't. It would be easy to transpose these outer faces, leaving the stamping hidden inside the part. In fact, since we find unstamped eccentrics very rarely, Meccano must have been careful to assemble these parts with one stamped face and one unstamped, facing the correct way. It's a little surprising that they didn't simply stamp all the outer faces, making them identical, and making assembly simpler. It's possible that this was done in the French factory, as the metric stampings can often be found on the 'boss' side rather than the 'peened' side.
Dealer spare parts boxes
To the right are a pair of dealer packets for part 130a, the single eccentric. The top box has a part number and so dates from betwen 1954 and 1957 (after 1958 the label would be light green). The lower part is earlier, probably around 1950 judging from the sharp-cornered diamond.
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To the left is a picture of two later spare parts boxes, dating from the light red/green period. The parts in these boxes are light red, indicated by the light green label.
Individual part numbersPart numbers for the parts on this page are as follows: Unique part numbers
For identification, each variation has been given a suffix to the main Meccano part number. These suffixes consist of a two-character code for the colour, and if there are many variations, a further number and sometimes letter code to identify each variation. See the bottom of the 'Parts' page for further details.
You don't need to worry what the codes are, just click on any one for a photograph.
The button above turns on and off the display of DMS numbers (where they are known). The DMS (Development of the Meccano System, Hauton and Hindemarsh) published in 1972 and added to in 75 and 82, suggested part numbers for every variation of every Meccano part. These numbers aren't perfect, but they are recognised and also referenced in the EMP (Encyclopedia of Meccano Parts, Don Blakeborough).
|Nickel plated, single tapped||21||.ni|
|Nickel plated, double tapped||28?||.ni1||.ni|
|Dark red and dark green||30||.dr||.dr|
|Medium red (pre-war)||34||.mr1||.mr1|
|Medium red (post-war)||45||.mr||.mr|
Please send us pictures of missing parts! Hints and tips for pictures
Take a picture of the part in very good light, preferably on a plain yellow background, without a flash but with a tripod.
Ideally, trim the picture to about 150 pixels per inch of the Meccano part (unless the part is particularly big or small), save it as a reasonably good quality jpg file with a filename of exactly the part number, for example 19b.ni1.jpg, and email it to us by clicking on 'Contact us' at the top of the page. Thanks!
- A greyed-out box shows that no part exists for that colour combination.
- Part number codes with a green background have an attached picture of the part, just click once on the code to show a photograph of that part in a separate window.
- Parts marked "" were temporary or economy parts, or existed only within specific themed outfits. The previous part continued throughout or afterwards.
Richard (at 9:24am, Mon 11th May, 20)
No, they were the same part Chris.
Chris Fearnley (at 10:15pm, Sun 10th May, 20)
Above it says, of French versions, "The three bosses are stamped 6 millimetres, 12 millimetres, and 18 millimetres": but this isn't equivalent to 1/2", 3/4" and 1" (or to the 'radius' of the throw i.e. 1/4", 3/8", and 1/2". So did the French ones actually have different throws?
Bob T (at 6:34pm, Sun 13th Nov, 16)
Yes probably UK Patent
kbisset (at 7:30am, Sun 13th Nov, 16)
Patent 177430 does not seem to be a US patent - perhaps UK? The US patent for the eccentric (part 130) is 1412117, applied for 31 August, 1921 and issued 11 April, 1922.
Bob T (at 5:12pm, Sat 12th Nov, 16)
Andy storey (at 9:18am, Sat 12th Nov, 16)
I have just come across a triple throw in dark red and green it's stamped 1 stroke 1/2 stoke and 3/4 strole also a USA patent no 177430